What Is Included in a Basic Confidentiality Agreement?

Ek basic confidentiality agreement ek kaanoonan binding contract hai jisme ek vyakthi ya company doosron ko kuch vishesh jaankariyon ka prakatan na karne ke liye samjhaute par raazi hota hai. Confidentiality agreements vibhinn paristhitiyon mein upyogik hote hain, lekin unka uddeshya hamesha yah hota hai ki trade secrets ya kisi ek party dvara gopniya rakhi gayi koi jaankari ko surakshit rakhna. Agar aap ek confidentiality agreement par hastakshar karne ke liye taiyar ho rahe hain, to unhe kya hote hain, kaise kaam karte hain, aur unmein kya shaamil hai, yeh jaanna mahatvapurn hai.

Basic Confidentiality Agreement
Basic Confidentiality Agreement

Why do people use confidentiality agreements?

Confidentiality agreements, jo ki non-disclosure agreements (NDAs) ke roop mein jaane jaate hain, ya to ek-pakshik ya sahaayak ho sakte hain. Ek ek-pakshik NDA tab upyogi hota hai jab ek party doosri party ko kuch jaankariyan prakashit karna chahti hai, lekin sirf tab agar voh doosri party isey gopniya rakhne ke liye raazi ho. Doosri or, mutual NDAs (jo ki sahaayak ya bahupakshik NDAs ke roop mein bhi jaane jaate hain) tab istemaal kiye jaate hain jab do ya do se adhik parties ek doosre se share ki gayi kuch jaankariyon ko gopniya rakhne ka wada karte hain.

Yeh tarah ke contracts alag-alag paristhitiyon mein kaam aate hain. Companies aksar karmachaari-karmachaari NDAs ka upyog karte hain taaki karmachaari company mein kaam karte samay unhein company ke baare mein pata chali hui vishesh ya “trade secret” jaankariyon ko share ya bech na sakein. Yeh is baat ka ashaanikaran karta hai ki company ke safalta ke raaj doosron ke haathon mein na padein. Independent contractor agreements aksar in prakar ke non-disclosure agreements ko samil karte hain, samaan karanon se.

Inka upyog tab hota hai jab do companies ek doosre ke saath gatividhiyon mein shamil hote hain, kyun ki yeh surakshit karta hai ki koi bhi jaankari jo prakashit hoti hai voh companies ek doosre se milne se pahle gopniya rahe. Confidentiality agreements vyavasaayik hith, patent adhikar, graahak sampark aur doosri jaankariyon ko bhi surakshit kar sakte hain jo kisi vyakti ya company ki safalta ya maulya ko khatre mein daal sakti hai agar yeh galat haathon mein chali jaati hai.

Basic Confidentiality Agreement

NDAs ko nagarik samjhaute maana jaata hai, aur ek aise samjhaute ka ulangan vibhinn anuchit parinaamon se ghatak ho sakta hai. Paristhiti ke anusaar, aise samjhaute ka ulangan theek-tareeke se kanoonan apraadh nahi ho sakta, lekin yeh doosri party ko aapke khilaf kanoonan karyavaahi karne ki shakti pradaan karta hai. Confidentiality agreements ke baare mein, samjhaute ka ulangan aam taur par chotkara maangta hai bhakt party se, jo ki upekshit adhikari ko aarthik punarvaas dena pad sakta hai, jo ki samaan adhikarik bhugtan ke liye bhi zaroori ho sakta hai.

What clauses are usually in a confidentiality agreement?

Ek confidentiality agreement ka draft banana jab aapka kanoon se sahayog lena zaroori hota hai. Aapko shayad kuch state-specific aavashyaktaon ko shaamil karne ki talaash karni chahiye, kyun ki ek atyant vyapak confidentiality agreement ko lagoo karne mein aapko kathinaiyon ka samna karna pad sakta hai. Aapke samjhaute ka draft banate samay hamesha ek vakil ya samjhaute visheshagya se salaah lena sabse accha hota hai taaki aap kisi mahatvapurn jaankari ko chhod na dein.

  • Samjhaute mein shaamil partyon ka varnan. Samjhaute ko kaanoonan bandhak maanane ke liye, pratyek party dwara hastakshar kiye jaane chahiye.
  • Samjhaute ke liye maanyakaal. 
  • Vah prakar ki jaankariyan jo gopniya maani jaati hain aur ek vyakhya kyun. 
  • Agar koi NDA ko todati hai to uska kya anjaam hoga. 

Aapko bhi yaad rakhna chahiye ki confidentiality agreement mein shaamil hone vaali jaankariyon ke prakar par kuch apavaad hote hain. Aap ek exclusion clause bhi shaamil karna chaahenge jo spashtatah yeh spashtatah spashtatah spasht kar sakta hai ki padakarta ko samjhaute ka palan karne ki aasha nahi ki jaati hai.

Udaharan ke liye, ek NDA sign karne wale ko sign karne se pehle jaankari prakat karne se rok nahi sakti hai jo unhe pehle se jaante the, jo jaan saboot ho chuki hai ya aasani se prapt ho sakti hai, ya kisi kaanuni gatividhiyon ke baare mein jaankari.

Things to consider before signing a confidentiality agreement .

Gopniyata samjhaute gambhir kanooni dastavejon hote hain, aur ise kisi bhi samjhaute ko dastakhat karne se pehle poori tarah samajhna mahatvapurn hai. Yeh surakshit karne ke liye hamesha ek vakil se paramarsh lena uchit hai taaki aap poori tarah se shartein samajh sakein. Kuch gopniyata samjhaute dusre paksh ko kuch vishesh paristhitiyon mein aapke khilaaf kanooni karvai karne ki anumati de sakte hain. Isliye, kanooni prabhavon ko samajhna aur unhe rokne ke liye aapki zimmedari mahatvapurn hai. Yaad rakhein, kisi bhi kanooni dastavej ko samajhna aur uske anusaar chalna aapki zimmedari hai, aur NDA ki sharten gyaanheenata agar aap uska bhangan asankhyata se kar dete hain, to yah koee maany nahi hai.

Aur bhi, mahatvapurn hai ki samjhaute ke antargat vyapar rahasyaon ko kanoon dvara surakshit kiya jata hai, chahe aap ek NDA par dastakhat karen ya nahi. Sanyukta Vyapar Rahasya Adhiniyam (UTSA) ke antargat lagbhag har rajya mein vyapar rahasyaon ko ek pratispardhi ko prakashit karne ka apradh hai, jisme se sankhyatma jurmana se lekar jail ki saza tak ho sakti hai.

Kuch mamlo mein, nijji kary ke bajay, nirantar roop se karyarthiyon ko avashyakta hoti hai ki ve ek apratispardhi samjhaute par dastakhat karein. Aise samjhaute par hastakshar karke, aap sahamati dete hain ki ek nirdharit avadhi tak aapke purvajy ko prati pratishat karta vyavasay karne ya sthapit karne ke liye kaam nahi karoge.

Gopniyata samjhaute mein ek apratispardhi prakaran bhi shamil ho sakta hai, jo aapko company ke grahakon se sampark karne ya unke jaankari ko vyapariyon ke saath vyaktigat laabh ke liye na batane ki rok deta hai. Kisi bhi gopniyata samjhaute ya kanooni samjhaute par hastakshar karne se pehle, uske sharton ko poori tarah samajhna mahatvapurn hai. Agar aapko koi chinta hai, to apne record ke liye ek prateeksha mangna uchit hai.

How to draft a confidentiality agreement

Agar aap chahte hain ki aapki gopniya jaankari surakshit rahe, to ek gopniyata samjhaute ka nirman karna ek accha vichaar hai. Iska sabse prabhavi tareeka ek vakil ko niyukt karna hai. Yah vishesh roop se mahatvapurn hai agar aapke raaj hain bahut paisa ki maang hai aur aapko yah satyapit karna hai ki aapka samjhaute kanooni roop se prabhavi hai. Yah bhi mahatvapurn hai ki alag-alag rajyon mein gopniyata samjhaute mein kya shamil kar sakte hain aur kya nahin, iske baare mein alag-alag kanoon hote hain, isliye ek vidhik nirdeshak se paramarsh lena aapke samjhaute ko vishesh aur aapke jarurat ke anuroop bana sakta hai.

Agar aapko ek gopniyata samjhaute ki avashyakta hai lekin ek rasmi nahin chahiye, ya aap dekhna chahte hain ki ek saamaanya gopniyata samjhaute kaisa dikhta hai, to online bahut saare sadhan upalabdh hain. Vidhik template websites aapki samjhaute banane mein aapki sahayata kar sakti hain. Ve aapse vibhinn prashn puchenge, jaise ki samjhaute ka istemal hone wale rajya aur aap kis prakar ki jaankari ko surakshit rakhna chahte hain, aur phir ek kriyashil samjhaute taiyar karenge.

Jab aapka dastavej taiyar ho jaata hai, to aapko ise ya to print karne ya digital roop mein bachane ka vikalp hota hai taki dono paksh ise elektronik roop se dastakhat kar sakein. Agar aapko bas ek anrashik samjhaute ki avashyakta hai, to yah ek tej aur kam lagat kaaryaksham tareeka ho sakta hai. Halaanki, yah salah di jaati hai ki aap kanooni salah len jisse aapka dastavej kanooni roop se pramanit ho.

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